People in the world probably know the word ‘woodpecker’ from a cartoon film which was famous in the eighties. What is different from the cartoon version, apart from its real look, is its behavior. In the cartoon version, this bird is illustrated as noisy and smart in using its beak. In reality, woodpeckers use their beaks which are strong and pointed for getting food from the bark of a tree. Since the bark is hard, their strong and pointed beak is of course useful for breaking open and remove the bark. With its long tongue, which can be as long as four inches, a woodpecker has sticky substance on the end useful for capturing insects hiding behind the bark.
The place of living of woodpeckers is in the forests in which they tap to find their food. It is interesting to know that they do not tap only for looking for food, but also for communicating with the others. Further, they also tap to show courtship behavior. Since some of them need really specific conditions as a place of living such as mature pine forests, they can be easily endangered once the forest where they live is disturbed by human or climate. They just cannot live anywhere else where there are not mature pine trees around.
While human invasion in the forest can be ruled in a legal regulation of endangered species, climate change is another tough matter that threats the existence of woodpeckers in their natural habitat. Although they have been persistently preserved in a preservation forest, once a climate change hit the area, a large population can be banished at once. The other threat for these endangered birds is drought and forest fires which smashes mature forest which is exactly what they need. The last endangering threat is pine beetle outbreak such as one that happened in Kentucky in 2001.